THE OFFICIAL BUSINESS STYLE OF MODERN ENGLISH AND WORD FORMATION ISSUES
Introduction. The article is devoted to word formation in the official business style of the English language. The article gives a classification of word formation methods. The lexical, morphological and syntactic ways of forming words in this style are analyzed sequentially. Specific methods of word formation for each of the sub-styles of the official business style are indicated.
Purpose of the article is to disclose and analyze peculiarities official business style of modern English.
Methods of the analysis, synthesis and abstraction are used in the article.
Results. Morphological way of word formation (by means of affixes, formation of complex words, conversion and abbreviations), as a whole, is characteristic of the English language. Here, both productive and unproductive affixes are noted. In English, conversion is the most common way. The study of word-formation models in the vocabulary of the official business style reveals the direction of development of the language in this field.
Originality. The process of verbalization is especially noted here. In the lexical-semantic method, terms formed by the method of constriction, expansion and metonymic transfer of the basic value are analyzed. In addition, the processes of terminology, determinologization and interrogation are considered. It is noted that most of the terms used in legal terminology are borrowed.
Conclusion. The new vocabulary of the official business style of the English language is formed in various ways: lexical, morphological and syntactic. With the lexical method, conversion, in particular verbalization, is particularly productive. In the legal and military sub-styles the lexical-semantic method is represented by the narrowing and widening of the basic meaning of words. A number of military terms were transferred to the administrative sub-style, in particular, in the area of business. Insofar as legal, diplomatic, and military sub-styles are more susceptible to social change, they can be traced to a large number of borrowings. English vocabulary of official business style can be formed by suffixing, prefixing and prefixing-suffixing ways (morphological method). The syntactic method by which complex words are formed includes various models. In most cases, the noun is assumed to be an indispensable component of these models.
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Oxford Advanced Learnerʼs Dictionary of Current English. Eighth edition, editor: Joanna Turnbull, Oxford University Press, 2010. – 1796 p. (without additions).
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