Main Article Content

Oksana Borysivna VASYLYK


Introduction. The research of the system of microtoponyms of the historical Uman is the matter of academic interest, as regional proper names contain information about the peculiarities of the object named, historical era, ethnos, language and living conditions of local population. Purpose. The analysis of history of microtoponym «Turok». Results. The creation of onym which denotes Uman suburb is associated with preregular period of the town (the one before approving of the regular plan of construction). Historians and ethnographers adhere to the hypothesis about the derivation of the name from the ethnonym «turok». During the research it was found out, that the motivational base of the nomen «Turok» is not an ethnonym, which is confirmed by the stress and category of number. The analysis of scientific literature shows that there exist many names of Ukrainian geographical objects with ‘tur-’ root (city Turka in Lviv region; Tur river, the tributary of Tisa river; Tura river, the tributary of Uzh river; Turets lake near Kyiv etc.) According to onomastic data, these lexical units were formed from animal name or from theonym Tur. This nomen was used in the Ukrainian language long ago. But the oldest manuscripts testify of the development of the meaning «fortification» in its structure. In the author’s opinion, the primary suffix derivative «Turok» was used by the local residents to denote the eastern side of the fortress, which existed in Uman in the 17th century. Over time this name spread over surrounding area. In time the semantics of the initial form was obscured predominantly because of the homonymic coincidence of this noun with the ethnonym’s singular form «turok». However, it seems less probable for the 17th century, because the ethnonym «turchyn» was a widespread name at that time. Originality. The microtoponymical material of Uman region of the 17th century was researched for the first time through the analysis of its lexico-semantic peculiarities. Conclusion. The study of the origin of microtoponym «Turok» leaves some doubts as to its ethnonymic motivational base. The suggested derivative model of the name allows to reconstruct its pre-onymic semantics, thus testifying of its autochthony.

Article Details



Zhylenkova, I. I. (2012). The toponyms of Belgorod region (the system linguistic interpretation of the settlements names): schoolbook of the linguistic area study. Belgorod: «Belgorod» (in Russ.)


Нavrylova, T. (2002). The local geographical nomenclature as a source of nomination of the rural portions (on the material of dialects of Cherkasy region). Studii z onomastyky i etymologii. 2002 (The studios from the onomastics and etymology. 2002). Kyiv: Kyj, 54–64 (in Ukr.)


Нavrylova, T. (2001). The names of the parts of settlements in the toponymical system (on the material of dialects of Cherkasy region). Naukovi zapysky (Scientific notes). Kirovograd, 37, 97–100 (in Ukr.)


The notes of Veronikа Krebs // Monke S. Yu., Kuznets T. V., Petrenko A. I. (2002). The movement of haydamaks in Uman rigion. Koliivschyna of 1768: the chrestomathy. Kyiv: «Kyivskyj universytet», 120–143 (in Russ.)


The plan of Uman town with the adjoining land plots. 1820 // DAKO. – Fund 1542. – Register 1. – Archiving 2414. – 1 plate (in Russ.)


The plan of Uman town with suburbs, 26 August 1838 // DAKO. – Fund 1542. – Register 1. – Archiving 2415. – 1 plate (in Russ.)


About a construction of Uman town, 1861–1870 // TsDIAK of Ukraine. –Fund 442. – Register 92. – Archiving 204. – 25 plates (in Russ.)


Demochanі (1882). Uman. Kiev: Printing-house of Okruzhnoj shtab (in Russ.)


The chronicles about the inhabited localities of the Kyiv province or the statistical, historical and church notes about all countries, villages, townships and cities, which are within of the city’s bounds, L. Pokhilevich collected (1864). Kiev: Printing-house of Kiev Pechersk Lavra (in Russ.)


Smoktij, A. (1882). Uman town and Sofievka park. Kievskaja starina (Kievskaja antiquity), I, 420–437 (in Russ.)


T-ij, K.I. (1888). Brief historiographical overview of Uman town. Kievskaja starina (Kievskaja antiquity), XII, 381–394 (in Russ.)


Ivashchenko, V. (1895). The historiographical overview of Uman town and of Tsaritsyn Garden (Sofievka). Kiev: Printing-house of S.V. Kul’zhenko (in Russ.)


Bevz, H.P. (1997). The historical of Uman town. Kyiv (in Ukr.)


Palij, A. (2000). The development of Uman Cossacks regiment. Uman, 26 October, 5 (in Ukr.)


Monke, S. Yu., Petrenko, A.I. Kuznets, T.V. (2001). The overview of Uman region history (from the earliest times till the 60s of the 20th century): the monograph. Kyiv: «Kyivskyj universytet» (in Ukr.)


Shul’hach, V.P. (2001). Ojkonymy of Volyn region: Etymology dictionary. Kyiv: Kyj (in Ukr.)


Rogalev, A. (2007). Tur and «Tur town»: from the mythology to the historical. Ruskaja rech (Russian language), 1, 102–105 (in Russ.)