SYNCRETIC ATTRIBUTIVE AND ADVERBIAL COMPLEX SENTENCES
Introduction. Complex sentences are characterized by syncretism of form, content and syncretism of both form and content. On this basis, it is the logical thing to differentiate formal and syntactic, semantic and syntactic as well as formal and semantic types of syncretic complex sentences. Syncretic constructions marked by the formal and semantic syncretism need further investigation. Purpose. The purpose of the article is a comprehensive analysis of syncretic attributive and adverbial complex sentences that represent the formal and semantic syncretism. Methods. To achieve this goal the following methods of investigation are involved: linguistic description of linguistic facts; structural method provided by methods of structural and semantic analysis and transformation analysis, method of modeling and component analysis. Results. The structural and semantic features of syncretic attributive and adverbial complex sentences are described, their variations are analyzed, the factors that contribute to syncretism are found, logic of their qualification as syncretic entities are reasoned. The author grounded formal and semantic syncretism of attributive and adverbial complex sentences that synthesizes semantic and syntactic relations of complex sentences of different structural types and their formal features: the subordinate part explains the word in the main part – the noun - and at the same time the main part as a whole, and therefore the correlation of predicative parts can be complete or incomplete depending on the expressed semantic and syntactic relations. The factors that make syncretism of attributive and adverbial complex sentences possible are defined. They are: the specific features of connecting means, lexical filling of predicative units, double syntactic relationships, syncretic categorical meaning of the basic word in the main part. The following types of syncretic complex sentences are determined and analyzed: attributive of purpose, attributive of purpose and quantity, attributive of purpose and cause, attributive of quantity and consequence, attributive of consequence, attributive of comparison, attributive of comparison and quantity, attributive of time, attributive of time and condition. Originality. Original scientific research lies in differentiation of formal and syntactic, semantic and syntactic, formal and semantic types of syncretic complex sentences with reference to syncretism of form, content and syncretism of both form and content; specification of varieties of syncretic attributive and adverbial complex constructions; substantiation of factors that produce syncretism of syntactic structures. Conclusion. It is concluded that the syncretic complex sentences with attributive and adverbial value show syncretism of form and content, that is, the formal and semantic syncretism. They synthesize semantic and syntactic relations of the complex sentences of different structural types and their formal features that define the correlation of predicative parts. A specific feature of these syncretic formations is that in one sentence attribute value is combined with value of purpose, cause, consequence, measure and degree, comparison, time, condition (single or multiple). The prospects for further scientific research are seen in the study of other combinations of differential features within complex sentences.
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