REPRESENTING WORD STOCK IN THE REGIONAL ATLASES OF THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE

Tetiana Vasylivna SCHERBYNA

Abstract


Introduction. One of the significant trends in the Ukrainian linguistics is investigating all lingual levels throughout the national tongue territory. As a number of the Ukrainian dialectology issues still stay unsolved, it is quite necessary to study word stocks for definite regions and thematic groups, as well as to get atlases mapped for a more detailed analysis of the dialectal spread and for revealing the lingual features formerly not mentioned in the general lingual atlases. Purpose. The article is purposed to thoroughly analyze the regional studies for the dialectal lexical stock and represent ‘The atlas of lexical units for the names of clothes, footwear, head pieces and accessories in the dialects of the Mid Upper Dnieper and steppe border”. Results. The atlas is made up as a result of selecting the lexical units picked in accordance with a special questionnaire in 101 places of mostly Cherkassy and Kirovograd regions, and in some places in Dnipropetrivsk and Poltava regions. It enlists 169 maps: 146 analytical ones, including 111 lexical, 29 semantic, 3 phonetic, 2 for the word building lexical structures, 1 map for depicting grammatical structures and also 23 synthetic maps. The atomically structured maps represent contrasting lexical and semantic levels as well as formal word structure, so lexical and semantic maps are most numerous. The former represent area differentiation for the speech elements, identical in meaning and different in expression; the latter deal with area contrast for the elements, identical in form and different in meaning. The synthetic maps represent groups of isoglosses dividing the area into dialectal zones and groups of patois, and draw the border between Mid Upper Dnieper and steppe patois in the south-east dialect. Originality. The original value of the investigation lies in restructuring the systematic and variable lexical units to name the clothes, footwear, head pieces and accessories in the Mid Upper Dnieper and steppe border line; the border for the areas is strictly determined; the patois in the dialectal zone are appropriately differentiated; specific phenomena are singled out to reflect the contact between differently fixed and formed patois patterns in the dialectal border area of the Mid Upper Dnieper and steppe patois. Conclusion. Analyzing actual regional atlases demonstrates, on the one hand, insufficient representation of the material and territory under consideration and, on the other hand, these investigations being quite significant for problematic dialectology. Applying linguistic mapping for lexical studies enables to single out the main units for the dialectal speech division and for its patois grouping. The lingual material, geographically presented, facilitates the detailed description of the area phenomena, as well as their placement and coexistence in the lingual surroundings.


Keywords


patois; regional atlases; synthetic maps; atomically structured maps; Mid Upper Dnieper and steppe patois; dialectal area

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