Oksana Borysivna VASYLYK


Introduction. The research of the system of microtoponyms of the historical Uman is the matter of academic interest, as regional proper names contain information about the peculiarities of the object named, historical era, ethnos, language and living conditions of local population. Purpose. The analysis of history of microtoponym «Turok». Results. The creation of onym which denotes Uman suburb is associated with preregular period of the town (the one before approving of the regular plan of construction). Historians and ethnographers adhere to the hypothesis about the derivation of the name from the ethnonym «turok». During the research it was found out, that the motivational base of the nomen «Turok» is not an ethnonym, which is confirmed by the stress and category of number. The analysis of scientific literature shows that there exist many names of Ukrainian geographical objects with ‘tur-’ root (city Turka in Lviv region; Tur river, the tributary of Tisa river; Tura river, the tributary of Uzh river; Turets lake near Kyiv etc.) According to onomastic data, these lexical units were formed from animal name or from theonym Tur. This nomen was used in the Ukrainian language long ago. But the oldest manuscripts testify of the development of the meaning «fortification» in its structure. In the author’s opinion, the primary suffix derivative «Turok» was used by the local residents to denote the eastern side of the fortress, which existed in Uman in the 17th century. Over time this name spread over surrounding area. In time the semantics of the initial form was obscured predominantly because of the homonymic coincidence of this noun with the ethnonym’s singular form «turok». However, it seems less probable for the 17th century, because the ethnonym «turchyn» was a widespread name at that time. Originality. The microtoponymical material of Uman region of the 17th century was researched for the first time through the analysis of its lexico-semantic peculiarities. Conclusion. The study of the origin of microtoponym «Turok» leaves some doubts as to its ethnonymic motivational base. The suggested derivative model of the name allows to reconstruct its pre-onymic semantics, thus testifying of its autochthony.


microtoponym; ethnonym; semantic structure; suffixal derivative; word-building pattern


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