Color image of the story «Nevsky Prospect» by Nikolai Gogol
\\Introduction. Despite the rise in recent years, the attention of domestic and foreign literary works of Nikolai Gogol's poetics becomes noticeable coloring undiagnosed problem that plays an important role in translating artistic ideas of the writer. Color helps writers to express their thoughts and feelings. Feel a deep sense of color image means to penetrate the depths of the unconscious of the writer, to know the uniqueness of his creative laboratory. In the use of color is one of the most individual traits author's vision of the world and in the realization of his artistic practice. Like many painters word N. Gogol extensive use of color images in the system of ideological and artistic and expressive means. Color is in the beginning of the creative mind of the writer, who felt and thought coloristic images.
Purpose. The main purpose of the article is to study the characteristics of the color perception of the world and its embodiment in the works of Gogol, particularly in his story «Nevsky Prospect».
Results. In the story «Nevsky Prospect» the author is served by 14 colors and shades, taken by 72 times. In the color spectrum is dominated, occupying the first position, white (27), together with shades of pale (9) and gray (1) applied 37 times. In second place red (8) with shades of pink (2), ruddy (2) and red (1) The used 13 times, then – black (12), gray (3), gold (2), lilac (2); brown, green and blue used 1 time.
Coloring at Gogol multifunctional. Color component performs most nominative, object-representational function. Color images create certain emotional atmosphere of joy, happiness, excitement, anxiety, sadness, boredom, frustration, devastation, etc. Bright living in its coloristic incarnation Ukraine opposed colorless, faded, devoid of the sun and the deep inner light «Petersburg» Russia. Heightened sense of color – an essential feature of artistic consciousness Gogol. That color change was one of the means of expression of the spiritual tragedy of the artist, deeply «rooted» in the Ukrainian cultural environment.
Originality. Colors in the story «Nevsky Prospect» act first as the name of the color. Also colors used as a structural component of similes and metaphors. The color and chiaroscuro are characteristic detail. Gogol actively uses chiaroscuro. Also single out a group of concepts that are not directly related to color, but in the imagination of everyone often associated with varying tints or even colors. Such words, phrases, which indirectly transfer the basis of color or light in the story 31. The color and chiaroscuro uses Gogol, featuring views of the heroes of one to the other, or the perception of each other.
The color is closely linked with the chronotope. In the first story of the novella of the artist Piskareva the author depicts two chronotop: the real and the unreal, reality and fantasy created by the imagination. Geographical space – Russia, St. Petersburg, living space – the space of everyday ordinary life of Nevsky Prospect, close to it streets, houses, rooms, psychological space – the consciousness of the hero. Geographical and living space remains unchanged, stunning changes jolt the soul of the hero, who met eyes with a beautiful stranger, loses peace. Real time space appears in the dark, muddy colors and squalid detail, while the surreal, created by fantasy/dream – colorful, full of light, perfection and beauty. The importance of the author acquire used red. At the beginning of the story, where the narrator describes the image in the paintings of St. Petersburg artist, this color detail («red shirts»), the artist Gogol accentuated very clearly, to be attracted to the vision and focuses as a bright red color in the paintings of Ge. Red – the only color spot that catches the eye of the affected Piskareva in a dusty prostitute room. The bloody shade of red («blood-stained razor») completes the story of the St. Petersburg artist. Focus on red does Gogol in copyright retreat, which describes the funeral procession – «red, nothing covered coffin of a poor man».
Conclusion. Thus, a colored drawing of story «Nevsky Prospect» white – red – black – gray – golden – purple – brown – green – blue. The color palette of story in terms of temperature can be defined as cold, «warm» red (13), gold (2), brown (1), generally referred to 16 times, opposed to «cold» white (37), black (12), gray (3), purple (2), green (1), blue (1) (56 times used in the text). Thus, the main dominant colors and the words that carry the color sign are land of snow – pale – gray – vaguely – coffee – walls contaminated in paint – the pale Neva – poor fishermen in red shirts – muddy gray color – the indelible stamp of north – turbid – indefinitely, characterizes not only the «Nevsky Prospect», but the whole cycle of Russian Gogol stories. Here the lost dream, the world has become a gray, misty, monotonous, lost paint and colors.
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