Main concepts of Mykhailo Starytsky’s and Genrik Senkevich’s historiosophy: the comparative aspect

Victoria Oleksandrivna Martsenishko


Introduction. The second half of the nineteenth century in Ukraine is marked by emergence of the Ukrainian idea philosophy as the theoretical aspect of the Ukrainian national renaissance. Historiosophy has determined a direction of the Ukrainian culture development during definite period. That process has taken place as a part of the whole Slavic one and all the European movement wider that has been directed to the cognition of the past for awareness of essence and sense of its national being, recognition of the ethnic identity.

Purpose of the article are studying of the function of the historiosophic conception in formation of the ideological discourse in historical prose of the last quarter of the nineteenth century, explaining of the significance of such literature in formation of the national-political ideologies and programs of the Ukrainian and Polish social-political developments. Research objects are Mykhailo Starytsky’s trilogy «Bogdan Khmelnytsky» and Genrik Senkevich’s novel «With Fire and Sword».

Results. Illustrating through the example of the patriarchal human’s ideals the prosaists strived to reveal opposite values of the individual and every single person’s psychology. Preference for the general social over individual, frontier between the good and evil, truth and untruth, freedom and lack of freedom, rise of spiritual and moral collapse are accented in the novels. The base identity of the analyzed literary works is found: writers simulate the formula of the eternal mental trouble, permanent endeavour to progress for the truth and honor which is individual, collective and national. Actually it has formed Mykhailo Starytsky’s and Genrik Senkevich’s literary vision of history.

Originality. The article deals with complex analysis of Mykhailo Starytsky’s trilogy «Bogdan Khmelnytsky» and Genrik Senkevich’s novel «With Fire and Sword» for researching of the specific of writers’ literary historicism.


Conclusion. Mykhailo Starytsky’s and Genrik Senkevich’s historiosophy is a specific synthesis of the historiographical and historiosophical principles by the anteriority of the subjective and evaluative base in interpretation of the historic events. The attention and respect to the fact and the source base are common for writers. But they have primary interest to the anthropological space of the history, personality’s function, dramaticism of her being in the context of nationwide drama or tragedy. That is factor not as factological as spiritual-psychological.


historiosophy; historicism; historic novel; author; psychology; image; national problem; discourse; interpretation; transformation; concept


Nekryach, O. (2008). Taras Shevchenko’s and Mykola Kostomarov’s basic concepts of history. Shevchenkoznavchi studiyi (Shevchenko studies researches), 11, 160-165 (in Ukr.)


Barabash, Y. (2004). Taras Shevchenko: The imperative of Ukraine. Historical and nationally-sophical paradigm. Kyiv (in Ukr.)


Starytsky, M. (1965). Letter to I. Franko. Kyiv: Dnipro, 8, 636-637 (in Ukr.)


Zerov, M. (1929). M. Starytsky’s literary position. Zhyttya y revolyutsiya (Life and Revolution), 6, 77-91 (in Ukr.)


Senkevich, H. (1995). Letters from a trip. Kyiv: Lionet L.t.d., 12-645 (in Pol.)


Radyshevskyy, R. (2005). Literature and history in the novel by Henryc Senkevich «With fire and sword». Ukrayins'ka polonistyka (Ukrainian Polish Studies), 2, 132-148 (in Ukr.)


Obrusna, S. (2003). M.P. Starytsky as a popularizer and researcher of history of Ukraine. Cherkasy, 50, 20-25 (in Ukr.)


Yazhborovskaya, I.S. (2005). The national idea in Poland: history and modernity. Natsyonal'naya ideya na evropeyskom prostranstve v XX veke (The national idea in the European space in the twentieth century), 1, 228-250 (in Rus.)


Ruda, O.V. (2005). Research Cossack issues in the writings of the representatives of the Kharkiv historical environment fracture XIX – XX. Naukovi zoshyty krakivs'koho istorychnoho fakul'tetu L'vivs'koho natsional'noho universytetu imeni Ivana Franka (Scientific Notebook Krakow Faculty of History Lviv University), 7, 163-177 (in Ukr.)


Yurchuk, O.F. (2005). Ukrainian issues in the Polish conservative social and political thought of the interwar period (1918 – 1939). Lviv (in Ukr.)


Grabovych, G. (1997). On the history of Ukrainian literature: Research, essays, polemics. Kyiv: Osnovy (in Ukr.)


Chuzha, T. (2003). Topos «inverted world» in the novel by Henryc Senkevich «With fire and sword». Slovo i Chas (Word and Time), 1, 51-55 (in Ukr.)


Senkevich, H. (2006). With fire and sword. Kharkiv: Folio (in Ukr.)


Levchuk, N. (1990). M. Starytsky’s historical prose. Slovo i Chas (Word and Time), 12, 38-44 (in Ukr.)


Polishchuk, V. (2003). Mykhailo Starytsky’s fiction. Cherkasy: Gateway (in Ukr.)

Full Text: PDF (Українська)


  • There are currently no refbacks.
2014 320    
2015 358 360 363
2016 Том 1,1 2 Том 2,1
2017 1 2  
2018 1 2


Journal Content