CATEGORY ASPECT AND CONTEXT: ASPECTUAL RELEVANT SYNTAXEMES

Mykola KALKO

Abstract


Introduction. An analysis of achievements in the field of aspectology confirms the presence of a whole spectrum of research perspectives; in our opinion, one of the priority ones is the need for an integrated approach to the description of the category of aspectality as a dynamic, integration, multiplan phenomenon taking into account the dependence of the ascetic behavior of verbs on the features of their lexical semantics, and consequently, and reflected in it the objective features of extra-language situations. This determines the expediency of studying the grammar of the аspect not in isolation, but due to its inextricable connection with other components of aspectuality: aspects significant components of the lexical meaning of the verb and aspects relevant components of the external context (syntaxems, other grammatical and functional grammar categories), defining for the species behavior of the verb.

Purpose. The problem of the aspects that are relevant to syntaxems as a manifestation of the interaction of a category of aspects with the external context in Ukrainian linguistics is poorly investigated, which convinces in the need for further linguistic study of the mechanism of interaction of the system and the environment in the realm of the category of the aspects of the Ukrainian verb, the establishment of the repertoire of aspectual important syntaxes, which is the purpose of this article.

Methods. Integrated аspect diagnostics as integration methodology, which involves the purposeful use of logical, component, word-forming, oppositional and distributive analysis, selection of the corps of fragments discourse.

Results. Aspectual relevant syntaxems appear in the study as predicative, substantive and adverbial, each of which has a number of specific semantic-syntactic delegates. Aspectual significance of syntaxems can be identified: 1) in the delimitation of parity vs the oddity of lexical-semantic variants of verbs; 2) in the contextual support of particle-like functions of the аspects; 3) in the derivation of derivative-morphological semantics of the subclasses of verbs (verbal actions).

Originality. The objectivist approach to the study of the category of aspectality and аspect in linguistic-Ukrainian studies is outlined only in general terms, which convinces in the need for further linguistic study of the mechanism of interaction between grammar and vocabulary and the context in the domain of the аspect of the Ukrainian verb. Therefore, the central problem of the article is precisely the problem of the dependence of the specific characteristics of verbs on the specifics of their external context.

Conclusion. Prospects for further research are related to the addition of syntaxes to the repertoire and the analysis of other components of the context. Analysis the aspect associated with the discovery of a specific specificity of the species behavior of the verbs in view of various factors of influence: paradigmatics, syntagmatics, pragmatics.


Keywords


aspect; aspectuality; aspectuality class; aspectual behavior; imperfective aspect; perfective aspect; concrete-aspect function; terminative; activist; eventive; stative; relative;aspectally relevant syntaxem

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