THE COLOR WORLD OF THEEXPRESSIONIST SHORT STORIES BY VASYL’STEFANYK (THE ARTICLE 1)

Inna Oleksiyivna KOSHOVA

Abstract


Introduction.In the reading process of the short stories by Vasyl’Stefanyk the idea onthe combination of artistic word, painting and weaving crafts is appearing.V. Van Gogh as a forerunner of expressionism is called the pictorial correspondence of Stefanyk’sprose. The picturesque whining of his literary works is generally vague, minor, but created like the painter’s masterpieces of the famous Dutch artist, thanks to the very carefully selected “thread of color”, “hidden” color base.Coloratives and words associated with the color only in the literary works of this expressionist writer are “put” into a single ornament like multicolored threads (for example, color “pattern” of V. Stefanyk’s short story “Blue book” – blue – green – black – white – green – transparent blue – dark – blue; there are only two colors such as bloody and blue in the short story “In the tavern”; there are the same colors in the short story “Les’ family name”; unpretentious color knitted is presented in the short story “Mother’s Son”: red – white – blue). In recent years researchers increasingly appeal to finding out the phenomenon of color in the literature. However, despite the considerable number of respectable works devoted to the study of the literary worksby V. Stefanyk, the color palette of literary works of the Ukrainian writer needs to be further studied. Purpose is to analyze in detail color gamma of the short stories by Vasyl’ Stefanyk, to reveal author’s “presence” in each color image, to determine the emotional state of the writer in different periods of life and literary biography by color dominants. Results.The color gamma of literary works by V. Stefanyk is directly symbolic. So, in the novella “Exit from the village” bloody red color as tragic and the painfulone foretells the death of a “young man”.Farewell to the recruiter resembles farewell to the dead.Only four colors as blood, copper, gold and deadly paleness are conveyed by V. Stefanyk a tragedy of farewell to his son, who was taken into recruits, and the foreboding of his inevitable death. The theme of death / suicide is leading in the literary worksby V. Stefanyk and has distinct signs of autobiographicalism (novellas “Exit from the village”, “Struggle”, “Basarabians”). The color scheme of the short story “Struggle” is simple and painful-tragic, created by bloody, white, gray, blue and black colors.In the novella“Basarabians” V. Stefanykliterally explores the problem of guilt and punishment.The attraction to suicide, caused by the impetus of the collective unconscious, is from the standpoint of chromatism represented by black color as the color of unconscious, death, sleep, darkness, obscuration of consciousness.The whole story in the novella is represented by six colors and shades: the dominant color is tragic black, used eight times in the text; green color mentioned three times has a positive semantics of youth, fertility of the fields, beauty, joy, affirmation of life, hope for the continuation of the family that is all things why Basarabians can’t rejoice; white and its shade of gray, twice and thrice taken accordingly; brown and smelly one time.The theme of suicide in the literary worksby V. Stefanyk indicates the presence of the“intensified desire to death”, and the psychobiography of the writer helps to understand / disclose better the hidden motives of suicide of his characters. A symbol of the road is revealed in most of the short stories and letters by Stefanyk. It is always a road of painful suffering, difficult test, eternal separation, sadness, loneliness, pain. Originality.Thus, it becomes clear the mechanism of action of mental processes in the human soul and the emergence of the archetype of destiny in the artistic nature of Vasyl’ Stefanykwho felt the effect of powerful transcendental forces, sorrow and tragic attitude never left him.His own life was seen in his gray and black colors, even his soul was identified by him with a gray and black moto, which is repeatedly mentioned in the letters.Stefanyk believed that fato haunts him.The archetype of fate, therefore, appears in the creative nature of the writer on the basis of the original schemes received as a spiritual heritage from all mankind, the Ukrainian nation and the Basarabiansgenus. Conclusion.Thus, the articledeals with the color phenomenon in Vasyl’Stefanyk’s expressionist novellas, presents the interpretation of basic images-symbols, color dominantsof his literary works. The attempt of reading texts “under the microscope” is realized, semantics and functions of colorativesare studied, the important value of color in revealing of the main themes and problems of Stefanyk’s literary works is accented, color due to the tragic perception of the writer is studied. It was found out that color is involved into the creation of a psycho-emotional background of events, it is an important means of characterization, facilitates transferring of the stages of the deployment of an internal conflict.

Keywords


Vasyl’ Stefanyk; novella; symbol; color; detail; semantics of color; text; expressionism; psychology; colorative; collective unconscious; desire to death; chromaticity; archetype

References


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