FORMAL-SYNTACTIC ORGANIZATION OF ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF MANNER (based on works by M. Kotsiubynsky)

Olga Mykhailivna DONIK

Abstract


Introduction. Current development of a linguistic thought is marked by the complexity of the syntactic research problems, which is due to an attempt to penetrate more deeply into the functioning of syntactic units. Investigating a sentence as a multidimensional unit, which is a complex interaction of its three levels – formal-grammatical, semantic-syntactic, and communicative – initiated a multi-level study of the category of predicativity, which in turn contributed to emphasizing complex structures. In the modern Ukrainian literary language, the term adverbial clause of manner suggests that it is a structural (formally syntactic), semantic (semanticsyntactic) and communicative unity. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the formal-syntactic peculiarities of adverbial clause of manner based on works by M. Kotsiubynsky. Results. The sentence is represented as a multidimensional unit, which is a formal-syntactic, semantic-syntactic, and communicative unity. The approaches to understand the idea of an adverbial clause of manner, its place and status in the system of complex sentences of the Ukrainian language are determined. The necessity to analyze adverbial clause of manner through the multidimensional approach to the sentence as a multidimensional syntactic unit is substantiated. The formal-syntactic features of an adverbial clause of manner are explored in detail; their differentiating characteristics are described. Syntactic models of adverbial clause of manner, namely complete, incomplete and complicated are differentiated. There have been determined structural types of incomplete subordinate manner clause consisting of a subject and secondary parts of the clause relating to the absence of a predicate; of secondary parts of the clause (without a subject or/and a predicate); and of the subject. The morphological means of expressing the support subject-components in the incomplete subordinate manner clause are described. Originality. The originality of the scientific research is to describe the formal-syntactical organization of the adverbial clause of manner that characterize M. Kotsyubinsky’s idiostyle. Conclusions. Formal-syntactic organization of the adverbial clause of manner involves taking into account the nature of the syntactic connection between predicative parts and the means of their expression, as well as the nature of syntactic models of subordinate manner clause that are qualified as the complete subordinate manner clause, incomplete subordinate manner clause, and subordinate manner clause of the complicated type. The prospect of further scientific research is seen in the investigation into the specifics of the semantic-syntactic operation of manner conjunctions.

Keywords


adverbial clause of manner; formal-syntactic sentence organization; complete subordinate manner clause; incomplete subordinate manner clause; and subordinate manner clause of the complicated type

References


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