TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE AS RETHINKING OF PAST AND PRESENT DISASTERS (BASED ON THE NOVEL “NE-MY” BY YU. HUDZ’)

Mariia Anatoliivna YANKOVA

Abstract


Introduction. In the 90s of XX century, Yu. Hudz’ predicted the advent of Ukrainian consciousness from postcolonial dependence, that is – the liberation of nation creation and recognition of new realities, new entities, new models of textual and metaphysical development of outer and inner world of the individual, and capacity for understanding Purpose. Purpose of the article is to analyze the specifics of the concept of "trauma" in the context of modern Ukrainian literature and on the novel “Ne-My” by Yu. Hudz’. Originality. Nowadays the Ukrainian literary studies lacksoverall analysis of the specifics of creative works by Yu. Hudz’. This investigation allows us to consider author’s work in a wider context. Recently, the concept of "trauma" has become particularly relevant in the post-Soviet studies in which scientists are trying to rethink past under the influence of current events. That’s why this survey helps to expand an understanding of the author’s intents, and see the impact of the newest of that time and prophetic ideas in the present conditions. Results. The article examines the state of the traumatic experience of modern Ukrainian literature and person in general, which is a prototype of the novels and “Ne-My” in particular. The value of cultural and social space and its traumatic effect on the inner world that reflected the writer at various levels and forms of text are presented. Personal trauma of protagonist / writer meets the general mood of Ukrainian collective experience of the past and present. Yu. Hudz’ saying by protagonists reflected their (national) attitude and attempted to gain identity in verbal terms. Ukrainian protagonists of contemporary works often feel helplessness and powerlessness in today’s world, today’s world requires at survival breakthrough beyond personal limitations and genre. Ukrainian society is in a situation of uncertainty. Pessimistic sentiment and moral breakdown of society affect the state of society and literature in general because we continue to live in an atmosphere of relative truth – in the post-Soviet legal system, ideological, political and economic space. Prose characters of Yu. Hudz’ frequently reassess the past that has sometimes-traumatic character. In such recall of the past, the person always feels nostalgia. At the forefront of the human imagination despite the total lack of freedom in all spheres of communist and post-communist existence there arise only the best moments of life – happiness, love etc. Human memory has the ability to fix a reality only in certain frames. However, over time, ironically, it appears that only occasional, transition points are extremely important. National and personal identity in the context of Ukrainian literature has always been relevant, therefore it seems logical that in literature in recent decades, this issue is of particular sound, because now the identity is not determined by external parameters, as measured by “internal measure” inherent in any artistic work. For Ukrainian writers this issue is closely rooted in the national memory, cultural and historical past of our peopleand linked to advocacy on Ukrainian national identity. Conclusion. The era of postmodernism can be seen as a broad, integrative phenomenon, ready to absorb any discourse - post-colonial, regional, gender, while the higher purpose of postcolonial reflection is the need to erase from the national cultural memory traces of colonial rule and return to authentic national essence. This article showsthat Yu. Hudz’ tried to keep his own “reconquista”, even through the background of general apathy it might have seemed madness today to Ukrainian society for the most part supported the sentiments of the writer. In the novel “Ne-My” his purpose was just through, strengthening the lost space, through recognition of belonging to a common body sort through all forgetful decades, calling the independent of any compulsion ancestors to protect in themselves (in a text) the part of their live soul.

Keywords


trauma; traumatic experience; traumatic memories; personal trauma; collective trauma; post-totalitarian attitude; national identity; Yu. Hudz’; the novel “Ne-My”

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