LANGUAGE MEANS OF QUANTITATIVENESS REALIZATION IN THE UKRAINIAN TWO-PART SENTENCES OF BEING

Lyudmyla Ivanivna LONSKA

Abstract


Introduction. Quantitativeness is a linguistic functional and semantic category, which extresses quantitative relations of extra-linguistic reality. It is realized by means of verbal units of different language levels: lexical, word-building, morphological, syntactical and text level. In the Ukrainian linguistics all levels are briefly investigated, except the syntactical level. That's why it is important to analyse syntactical means of quantitativeness realization. The object of the investigation is existential two-part sentences with quantitative characteristics. The subject of the analysis is components of the semantic structure of existential two-part sentences, which have quantitative semantics: predicate of being, subject, extenders.

Purpose is to investigate the syntactical means of quantitativeness realization in the Ukrainian two-part existential sentences.

Methods. The main method of the investigation is the structural one. It is realized in the component analysis in combination with distributional method. The author uses this methods to determine quantitative seme in the structure of predicate, subject, quantitative. The author also uses the method of interlevel interpretation to analyse components of existential sentences semantic structure and the means of their morphological and syntactical realization.

 Investigation Results. The investigation found out a number of predicates of being, which have quantitative semes. Morphological means of subject quantitativeness realization is the use of the substantive plural form; the use of collective nouns; the use of word-combinations, one of the elements of which is a numeral. Objective extender with quantitative semantics, when it functions as an obligatory component of the existential sentence structure, can be expressed by the substantive in the form of non-prepositional accusative and oblative and by prepositional genitive. The author also examines language means of quantitative extender realization: adverbs ( qualitative and quantitative); nouns in oblative; word-combinations, one of the elements of which denotes quantity; comparative phrases; phraseological units.

 Originality of the work is in the analysis of quantitativeness on the syntactical level in the Ukrainian two-part existential sentences.

Conclusion. The author is the first in the Ukrainian linguistics who singled out the type of two-part existential sentence, which forms the predicate of being with quantitative characteristics.


Keywords


quantitativeness; existential sentence; predicate of being; quantitative seme; syntactical means of expression; subject; object; quantitative

References


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