Svitlana Vasylivna KHARCHENKO


Introduction. Amongst the syntactical issues which have been investigated for more than 100 years we would like to explore the question of using nominative and ablative case in the structure of complex nominative predicate with explicated component бути. This question was studied by I. Vihovanets, M. VIntonIv, K. Gorodenska, A. Zagnitko, N. Ivanitska, M. Kapas, K. Kosenko, O. Kurilo, L. Litvin, O. Sinyavskiy, S. Smerichinskiy, M. Sulima, O. Sulima etc.

Purpose. The purpose of this research is to study the dynamics of using such constructions
as «бути + N. case / A. case» (with explicated verbal linking) in Ukrainian language in XIX - XXI centuries.

Results. The first attempt to solve the problem of the usage of ablative predicative case in Ukrainian is connected with O. Potebnya. He declared that the reason of raising the ablative predicate case can be explained by the necessity of distinguishing the parts of the sentences. He believed that nominative predicative case is immanent for Ukrainian language. Scientific discussions about the possibilities/impossibilities in Ukrainian language continued till 1920s.

In 1920s there were two opinions about predicative constructions бути + N. case / A. case. On the one hand the choice between бути + N. case and бути + A. case with explicated verbal linking бути depends on speaker’s communicative intention: it was recommended to use the nominative predicative case for expressing the constant feature and ablative predicative case for inconstant features. According to another approach it was recommended to avoid the ablative predicative case.

The opinion about synonimical usage of predicative constructions бути + N. case and бути + A. case existed in Ukrainian linguistics till the beginning of XXI century.

Originality. During the end of XIX - ХХ centuries linguists semantically distinguished the usage of the analyzed constructions: nominative for constant features and ablative for inconstant features. So, constructions бути + N. case and бути + A. case functioned as synonimical. At the beginning of XXI century I. Vihovanets and K. Gorodenska noticed variety in analyzed predicative constructions: there are no restrictions in the usage of both predicative forms of the noun.

Conclusion. So, the opinions about the usage of such constructions as бути + N. case and бути + A. case have changed greatly. Today it is possible to use both nominative and ablative predicative cases with explicated verbal linking бути.


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