THE ISSUE OF EARLY WORKS (TEXTS) OF GALINA PAHUTYAK
The article examines the life and creative career of G. Pahutyak at 1980's. The author has attempted to interpret the artistic style of the writer in the context of the literary traditions of that period and determine her research for innovative approaches. Analyzed the author's creative works, showed the system of images, presented the main characteristics, found common features of all creative palette. Considered artistic details, elements of creation the characters. Special attention is paid to writer's artistic realization of existential categories: life – death, good – evil, freedom – the unfreedom. Found important aspects of creativity in the implementation of writer's idea, story component and overtopic elements. In 1970 - 1980's, there was a wave of arrests of prominent artists in Ukraine, Galina Pahutyak started to write her stories. The goal of the article is to follow life and career of the writer, find out the main themes and motives of the first book «Children», identify problems of three stories and a novel, explore their own architectural style. Writer was born in the village Zakolot, Lviv region. The author explores genealogy from the V century. It is noted that stories of neighbors caused an interest to demonology, young girl was interested in history of native land. She dreamed to be an archaeologist. Working in porcelain factory, she wrote the first story «Kids», which she dreamed about. The events of the Second World War in her story depicted in the background. The article emphasized how difficult 16-year-old teenagers to be in the air-tight space. Author affected existential questions of escape, unfreedom, death, which vividly illustrate the inner world of the characters. Galina Pahutyak in her mystery style uses the method of sleep, calm manner of storytelling about terrible events. Analyzing the story «About Mary and Magdalene», we payed attention to the two story lines - the life of 27 years old Mary and Magdalene on retirement. Story inherent psychological, heroes are not happy with their humanbeing, insecurity, loneliness, isolation from the world. Through the prism of the story «Lialechko and Matsko» modern reader will fall into a fairy-tail. Studied the psychological state of 5 years old boy, who came to the village to his grandmother, he does not perceive the adults surrounding. Friendship with fox changed the emotional state of the child. Such friendship is strong, the boy trusted Matsko and goes to the forest with him. The boy overcomes a kind of barrier. Firstly unrecognized artistic talent of fox at the end become very successful. The story is for children and about children teaches to value friendship and trust to others and take care for environment. Among the other stories of the writer's collection fairy-tale became special. Philosopher's Stone consists of letters, memoirs (reminiscences). Ivan Dmitrovych is searching for the Philosopher's Stone, shared thissecret with the little boy. Buster Protsyk shown as an irresponsible man. Having a good job he lost it. His daughter's Sophia extrawardship leads to thoughts about suicide - to hang himself. Galina Pahutyak did not open the value of the philosopher's stone, and gave a chance to imagine it. CONCLUSIONS. Galina Pahutyak began her creative work in 1980's, but it was different from contemporary literary traditions. Existential research formeaning of life, air-tight space, lack of freedom, fear, death are dominated in her works.
Danylenko V. (1997). Istorija odnogho iskhodu (The story of one outcome). Kvity v temnij kimnati. Suchasna ukrajinsjka novela. Najjaskravishi zrazky ukrajinsjkoji novelistyky za ostanni p'jatnadcjatj rokiv ( Flowers in a dark room. Modern Ukrainian story. The most striking examples of Ukrainian short story for the last fifteen years). Kуіv: Genesis, pp. 5–15 (in Ukr.)
Bila I. (2009). Motyv vtrachenogho dytynstva (na materiali povisti Ghalyny Paghutjak «Dity») (Motive of lost childhood (based on the novel by Galina Pahutyak «Children»). Aktualjni problemy slov'jansjkoji filologhiji : zb. nauk. Pracj. Serija : linghvistyka i literaturoznavstvo (Actual problems of Slavic Studies: Coll. Science. papers Series: linguistics and literature). Berdyansk: Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, vol. XXI, pp. 387–392 (in Ukr.)
Virchenko T. І. (2009). Kharakterotvorennja dytyny v povisti Ghalyny Paghutjak «Dity» (The character of the child in the story of Galina Pahutyak «Children»). Aktualjni problemy slov'jansjkoji filologhiji : zb. nauk. pracj / vidp. red. V. A. Zarva. Serija : linghvistyka i literaturoznavstvo (Actual problems of Slavic Studies: Coll. Science. papers / ex. ed. V.A. Zarva. Series: linguistics and literature). Berdyansk: Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, vol. XXI, pp. 441–445 (in Ukr.)
Prykhodjko I. (1984). Mrija pro sonjachni ghaljavyny ( The dream of sunny lawns). Zhovtenj (October) , 10, pp. 122–125 (in Ukr.)
Panchenko V. (2008). Ghalyna Paghutjak: «Ja z tykh ljudej, jakym biljshe podobajetjsja vykhodyty cherez vikno…» ( Galina Pahutyak: "I am the one of those people who like to go out from the window ..."). LitAkcent ( LitAktsent). Kyiv: Tempora, 2008. - Vol. 1. - P. 523-526. (in Ukr.)
Paghutjak Gh. (2016). Avtobioghrafija bez dat i majzhe bez faktiv (Autobiography without dates, and almost no facts). Zakhid soncja v Urozhi. Knygha vershynna:romany, povisti, novely ta opovidannja (Sunset in Urozh. Highlands book: novels, short stories, novellasand stories). Lviv: Pyramida, pp. 7–11. (Literary publication) (in Ukr.)
Koskin V. (2010). Use vysmijaly, perevernuly, vyrubaly sad i pobighly za grantamy (All ridiculed, turned over, cut down the garden and ran for grants). Ukrajinsjka literaturna ghazeta (Ukrainian literary newspaper), 8 (14), pp. 8–9 (in Ukr.)
Anketa (2010). «Pysjmennyctvo: vazhkyj khrest chy lavrovyj vinecj» : Ghalyna Paghutjak (Form «Writing: heavy cross or laurel wreath»: Galina Pahutyak) Pysjmennyctvo: vazhkyj khrest chy lavrovyj vinecj? (Writing: heavy cross or laurel crown?) . Kyiv: Yaroslaviv Val, pp. 313–316 (in Ukr.)
Zhulynsjkyj M. (1982). Chomu na sonjachni j ghaljavyni plakav lys? Peredmova (Why was crying the fox on a sunny lawn? Preface). Gh. Paghutjak. Dity : povisti i roman (G. Pahutyak. Children: stories and novel). Keiv: Soviet writer, pp. 5–12 (in Ukr.)
Paghutjak Gh. (1982). Dity (Children). Kyiv: Soviet writer (in Ukr.)
Bila I. (2012). Opozycija svit / ljudyna jak ekzystencijnyj koncept rozkryttja absurdnosti svitu (Opposition world /human as an existential concept of opening the absurdity of the world). Ukrajinsjkyj smysl ( Ukrainian meaning),1, pp. 241–249 (in Ukr.)
- There are currently no refbacks.