VISIONARY TYPE OF CREATIVITY: ITS PECULIARITY AND MANIFESTATIONS

Vasyl Ivanovych PAKHARENKO

Abstract


Introduction. Duality is essential for any process of human creativity. Thus the most distinguishing feature of a human psyche is revealed - its inner ambivalence. The definition of creative binarity as introversion/extroversion or psychologism/visionariness, given by analytic psychology founder C.G. Jung, seems productive in this context. Especially difficult and significant is
visionary type of creativity. It enables to insight into the incomprehensible depths of our psyche and existence as it is. Purpose. This article aims to investigate the main manifestations of visionary type of creativity, peculiarities of visionariness and psychologism interconnection in artistic mentality of a genius.Methods. This investigation is fulfilled within the deeply psychological methodology. According to
C. G. Jung's conception, psychological type of creativity is concentrated on conscious level of world perception and the visionary one focuses on unconsciousness. Results. Characteristic features of visionary style involve metaphoricity, archetypal symbolism, synthesis of arts, experimentation, hermeticism, insight into transcendental expanses of existence,
prophetism. Researchers-determinists explain the mechanism of clairvoyance by a coincidence or prediction of a situation. On the other hand, mystics consider the foreseeing ability to be given a person by Supreme Forces. Analytic psychological interpretation seems the most persuasive: visionariness enables an artist to draw
information from the collective unconscious. Artist of a genius harmonically combines conscious and unconscious facets of his soul, predictability and prophesism. Thereby, universalism and accuracy of their prognoses are explained. A vivid example of such synthetic clairvoyance is, for instance, the work of T. Shevchenko. Superpower energy and faultlessness of his numerous predictions originate from rational, prognostic and merely mystical sources. It should be taken into consideration that Shevchenko's prophecies, especially the
tragic ones, tend to periodically come true and this will continue until the cause-and-effect relations, which induce them, are broken with. Thus the poet has precisely indicated these relations and foreseen their contiguity. The Holy Bible doesn't err, ingenious prophets appear in this world in order to help us, narrowminded people, to make no doubt about the most important things, to choose the way of salvation and approach truth, happiness and ourselves. We should only learn to hear them, understand and finally dare to believe them. Originality. Topicality of this research is determined by an attempt to substantiate the specifics of an artistic world-view by harmonic correlation of extrovert and introvert models in psyche of a genius. Conclusion. Thus, the crucial mission of a genius is to favour spiritual self-formation, maturity of the mankind and the search for harmonic combination of existential opposites.


Keywords


psychological type of art; visionary type of art; inspiration; afflatus; collective unconscious; forecast; prophecy; genius; Taras Shevchenko

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