Historical and political views of Taras Shevchenko in the course of formation of the Ukrainian national consciousness

A. Kuz’menko

Abstract


Features of formation of historical and political views of T. Shevchenko are covered in article and the place of a creative heritage of the thinker in formation of national consciousness of the Ukrainian people reveals. In particular, it is noted that Taras Shevchenko's poetry took a special place in formation of new spheres of national, social and political thinking of the Ukrainian intellectuals. It is tracked that to special understanding of history of T. Shevchenko it is obliged impacts on it of educated members of the left-bank nobility. It is defined what exactly they promoted acquaintance of the artist to historical literature and the advanced domestic and foreign political thought. The thought that T. Shevchenko, having become the member of Kirillo-Mefodiyevsky society is defended, made on all its participants strong ideological influence and reflected ideas of the organization in the works. Own original views of T. Shevchenko of the past, present and future of Ukraine which he opened in such works as «Night of Taras» (1838), «Ivan Pidkova» (1839), «Gamaliya» (1842), « Chyhyryn, Chyhyryn ...» (1844), «Blind» (1845), «Irzhavets» (1847), «Cold ravine» (1845). It is noted that as the theorist of national liberation fight can be considered top of works of T. Shevchenko his poem mystery «Large cellar» (1845). In article the thought of what T. Shevchenko in the period of despondency and apathy of the Ukrainian people rescued is proved and returned it history and language. The creativity of T. Shevchenko finished process of formation of the Ukrainian national language, having developed it to the literary national level. He was the first of those who formulated the Ukrainian national idea and through the poetic works made it property of the Ukrainian people. It promoted association of the nation in fight for the release. It significantly added this idea with idea of radical democratization of the political and social relations in free Ukrainian society.


Keywords


Taras Shevchenko; Ukrainian national consciousness; Ukrainian national idea; Ukrainian literary language; historical literature; historical consciousness; social and political views

References


Aleksyeyenko L. Het'man Ivan Mazepa v literaturi: literaturno-istorychnyy komentar [Tekst] / L. Aleksyeyenko // Istoriya Ukrayiny. – 2000. – # 33. – S. 4-6.

Boychenko N. Ideyi Kyrylo-Mefodiyivs'koho brat·stva u suchasniy retrospektyvi. Ohlyad prohramnoho dokumenta [Tekst] / N. Boychenko // Istoriya Ukrayiny. – 2003. – # 1. – S. 10-12.

Hrytsak Ya. Y. Narys istoriyi Ukrayiny: formuvannya modernoyi ukrayins'koyi natsiyi KhIKh-KhKh st. [Tekst] / Ya. Y. Hrytsak. – K. : Geneza, 2000. – 360 s.

Hurzhiy I. T. H. Shevchenko revolyutsioner-demokrat [Tekst] / I. Hurzhiy, V. Sarbey. – K. : Tov. dlya poshyren. polit. i nauk. znan' Ukr. RSR, 1961. – 48 s.

Entsyklopediya ukrayinoznavstva dlya shkolyariv i studentiv [Tekst] / [avt.-uklad.: V. V. Olifirenko ta in.]. – Donets'k. : Stalker, 2001. – 496 s.

Ivanko A. Ukrayins'kyy Kremutsiy Kord M. I. Kostomarov [Tekst] / A. Ivanko // Istoriya Ukrayiny. – 2003. – # 10. – S. 1-9.

Istoriya Ukrayiny ta yiyi derzhavnosti: navch. posibnyk [Tekst] / [L. Ye. Deshchyns'kyy, I. O. Havryliv, R. D. Zinkevych ta in.]. – Vyd. 3-ye, pererob. i dop. – L'viv : Beskyd Bit, 2005. – 368 s.

Kalakura Ya. Ukrayins'ka istoriohrafiya: kurs lektsiy [Tekst] / Ya. Kalakura. – K. : Geneza, 2004. – 496 s.

Katrenko A. T. H. Shevchenko i ukrayins'kyy natsional'nyy rukh [Tekst] / A. Katrenko // Istoriya Ukrayiny. – 2000. – # 44. – S. 1-4.

Kohut Z. Korinnya identychnosty [Tekst] / Z. Kohut. – K. : Krytyka, 2004. – 352 s.

Kolesnyk V. Uchast' rosiys'koyi intelihentsiyi v ukrayinoznavchykh doslidzhennyakh u pershiy polovyni KhIKh st. [Tekst] / V. Kolesnyk, O. Nadtoka // Istorychnyy zhurnal. – 2004. – # 1 2. – S. 27-34.

Lysyak-Rudnyts'kyy I. Doslidzhennya z kozats'koyi istoriyi // Istorychni ese: U 2 t. [Tekst] / I. Lysyak-Rudnyts'kyy. – K. : Osnovy, 1994. – T. 1. – S. 53-62.

Mahochyy P. Ukrayins'ke natsional'ne vidrodzhennya. Nova analitychna struktura [Tekst] / P. Mahochyy // Ukr. ist. zhurn. – 1991. – # 3. – S. 97-107.

Malanyuk Ye. Narysy z istoriyi nashoyi kul'tury [Tekst] / Ye. Malanyuk. – K. : Oberehy, 1992. – 80 s.

Marchenko M. Istorychne mynule ukrayins'koho narodu v tvorchosti T. H. Shevchenka [Tekst] / M. Marchenko. – K. : Rad. shkola, 1957. – 196 s.

Ohloblyn O. Problema ukrayins'kykh zv"yazkiv Shevchenka [Tekst] / O. Ohloblyn // Ukrayins'kyy istoryk. – 1973. – # 3 4. – S. 38-53.

Orlenko P. Yevhen Hrebinka [Tekst] / P. Orlenko // Istorychnyy kalendar 2002: nauk.-populyarn. al'manakh / [hol. red. A. V. Denysenko]. – K. : Heneral. dyrekts. po obsluh. inozem. predstavnytstv, 2002. – Vyp. 8. – S. 88-90.

Okhrymovych Yu. Politychnyy svitohlyad T. Shevchenka [Tekst] / Yu. Okhrymovych // Kyyivs'ka starovyna. – 1994. – # 2. – S. 20-26.

Okhrymovych Yu. Prorok Ukrayiny (Taras Shevchenko) [Tekst] / Yu. Okhrymovych // Istorychnyy kalendar "99: nauk.-populyarn. ta literat. al'manakh / [hol. red. A. V. Denysenko]. – K. : Heneral. dyrekts. po obsluh. inozem. predstavnytstv u m. Kyyevi, 1998. – Vyp. 5. – S. 79-81.

Pinchuk Yu. Spohady Kateryny Yunhe pro Tarasa Shevchenka i Mykolu Kostomarova: istoryko-biohrafichne znachennya [Tekst] / Yu. Pinchuk // Istorychnyy zhurnal. – 2004. – # 8. – S. 42-50.

Pinchuk Yu. Spohady Aliny Kostomarovoyi yak istoryko-biohrafichne dzherelo [Tekst] / Yu. Pinchuk // Istorychnyy zhurnal. – 2003. – # 1. – S. 89-97.

Pinchuk Yu. Memuarna spadshchyna M. I. Kostomarova [Tekst] / Yu. Pinchuk // Istoriya Ukrayiny. – 1999. – # 48. – S. 4-5.

Politychna istoriya Ukrayiny. KhKh st.: v 6 t. [Tekst] / [hol. red. I. F. Kuras] – K. : Geneza, 2002. – T. 1: Na zlami stolit' (kinets' KhIKh st. – 1917 r.). – 424 s.

Ponomariv O. Shevchenkove slovo [Tekst] / O. Ponomariv // Kyyivs'ka starovyna. – 1994. – # 5. – S. 100-101.

Pritsak O. Prorok [Tekst] / O. Pritsak // Kyyivs'ka starovyna. – 1994. – # 2. – S. 3 19.

Pritsak O. Shevchenko – prorok [Tekst] / O. Pritsak ; AN Ukrayiny, In-t skhodoznavstva im. A. Yu. Kryms'koho ta in. – K., 1993. – 39 s.

Pritsak O. Doba viys'kovykh kantselyarystiv [Tekst] / O. Pritsak // Kyyivs'ka starovyna. – 1993. – # 4. – S. 62-66.

Rybak I. Istorychni portrety [Tekst] / I. Rybak, V. Popov // Istoriya Ukrayiny. – 2003. – # 29-32. – S. 11-83.

Stepovyk D. Khrystyyanstvo i Shevchenko [Tekst] / D. Stepovyk // Kyyivs'ka starovyna. – 1994. – # 2. – S. 27-32.

Subtel'nyy O. Ukrayina: istoriya [Tekst] / [O. Subtel'nyy; per. z anhl. Yu. I. Shevchuka; vst. st. S. V. Kul'chyts'koho]. – 3-tye vyd., pererob. i dop. – K. : Lybid', 1993. – 720 s.

Supronyuk O. Nevidomyy Petro Martos. Novi materialy pro vydavtsya «Kobzarya» 1840 r. [Tekst] / O. Supronyuk // Kyyivs'ka starovyna. – 1997. – # 3/4. – S. 36-46.


Full Text: PDF (Українська)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2014 320    
2015 358 360 363
2016 Том 1,1 2 Том 2,1
2017 1 2  
2018 1 2

User

Journal Content

Browse

Language